Category: 09) Reading (Hypertext) New Media

Although there is an ample amount of theory about new media and digital texts, especially as a way to transform composition studies, there is much to be done in new media with empirical, contextual inquiry. This makes new media look a lot like hypertext inquiry in the 1980s and 1990s, which is the point this chapter makes by comparing two prominent hypertext fictions with two recent new media texts, complemented by protocol analyses with commentary available on the DVD and online supplements. If new media is to escape the trap of hypertext’s history, its authors and researchers must develop constructive production and inquiry methods.

Image created in lieu of author photograph.

Image created in lieu of author photograph.

Kip Strasma is an associate professor in the Farquhar College of Arts and Sciences division of humanities at Nova Southeastern University. He received his PhD in English studies, specializing in computers and literacy, from Illinois State University in 1998. His teaching highlights emergent pedagogies. His research focuses on how writing remediates other forms of communication. He is currently an executive council member for The Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC) and serves as the publications review editor for Teaching English in the Two-Year College (TETYC), a quarterly journal for English instruction. Strasma teaches writing courses in the classroom as well as online.

Arroyo, Sarah; Bay, Jennifer; Carter, Geof; Edbauer, Jenny; Haynes, Cynthia; Hawk, Byron; Kuhn, Virginia; Leston, Robert; Rice, Jeff; Richardson, Timothy; Sosnoski, Jim; Vitanza, Victor. (2006, March 25). From panel to gallery . Presentation at the Conference on College Composition and Communication, Chicago, IL.

Ascott, Roy. (1999). Reframing consciousness . Portland, OR: Intellect.

Auster, Paul. (1985). City of glass . York: Penguin.

Birkerts, Sven. (1994). The Gutenberg elegies . New York: Ballantine.

Bolter, Jay David. (1991). Writing space: The computer, hypertext, and the history of writing . Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bolter, Jay David, & Grusin, Richard. (2000). Remediation: Understanding new media. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Coover, Robert. (1992, June 21). The end of books. New York Times Book Review , p. 1+.

Gardner, John. (1971). Grendel . New York: Simon.

Hill-Kaucher, Jennifer; Waber, Dan; & Strasser, Reiner. (2005). >>oh<<. Retrieved May 18, 2007, from

Johnson-Eilola, Johndan, & Kimme Hea, Amy C. (2003). After hypertext: Other ideas. Computers and Composition, 20 , 415–425.

Joyce, Michael. (1989). afternoon, a story . Watertown, MA: Eastgate.

Joyce, Michael. (1995). Of two minds . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Kac, Eduardo. (2005). Telepresence and bio art . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Landow, George P. (1992). Hypertext: The convergence of contemporary critical theory and technology . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lanham, Richard A. (1993). The electronic word . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Manovich, Lev. (2001). The language of new media . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Morrison, Toni. (1987). Beloved . New York: Plume.

Moulthrop, Stuart. (1991). Victory garden . Watertown, MA: Eastgate.

Norton, David; Zimmerman, Beverly; & Lindeman, Neil. (1999). Developing hyperphoric grammar to teach collaborative hypertexts. In Scott Lloyd DeWitt & Kip Strasma (Eds.), Context, intertext, and hypertext (pp. 177–202). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Richardson, Timothy. (2008). Bereshith. F rom gallery to webtext. Kairos: Rhetoric, Technology, Pedagogy, 12 (3). Retrieved May 16, 2008, from

Strasma, Kip. (2001). Emerging pedagogy: Teaching digital hypertexts in social contexts. Computers and Composition, 18 (3), 257–274.

Strasma, Kip. (2002). Andrea’s dream: Teaching and learning with digital texts. Teaching English in the Two-Year College, 30 (2), 118–128.